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Moisture and Temperature Covariability over the Southeastern Tibetan Plateau during the Past Nine Centuries

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Moisture and Temperature Covariability over the Southeastern Tibetan Plateau during the Past Nine Centuries

Jianglin Wang,   Bao Yang,   Fredrik Charpentier Ljungqvist

 Journal of Climate, (2020) https://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0363.1

Accurate projections of moisture variability across the Tibetan Plateau (TP) are crucial for managing regional water recourses, ecosystems and agriculture in densely-populated downstream regions. Our understanding of how moisture conditions respond to increasing temperatures over the TP is still limited, due to the short length of instrumental data and the limited spatial coverage of high-resolution paleoclimate proxy records in this region. This study presents a new, early-summer (May–June) self-calibrating Palmer Drought Severity Index (scPDSI) reconstruction for the southeastern TP (SETP) covering 1135–2010 CE using fourteen tree-ring records based on 1669 individual width sample series. The new reconstruction reveals that the SETP experienced the longest period of pluvial conditions in 1154–1175 CE, and the longest droughts during the periods 1262–1280 CE and 1958–1976 CE. The scPDSI reconstruction shows stable and significant in-phase relationships with temperature both high and low frequencies throughout the past 900 years. This supports the hypothesis that climatic warming may increase moisture by enhancing moisture recycling and convective precipitation over the SETP; it is also consistent with climate model projections of wetter conditions by the late 21st century in response to global warming.

文章链接:https://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0363.1

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